Luke23: 13-56

Written by kathleen on Sep 21, 2014 in - No Comments

Luke 23:13-56

The Cry of a Winner

13 Pilate called together the chief priests, the rulers and the people, 14 and said to them, “You brought me this man as one who was inciting the people to rebellion. I have examined him in your presence and have found no basis for your charges against him. 15 Neither has Herod, for he sent him back to us; as you can see, he has done nothing to deserve death.16 Therefore, I will punish him and then release him.”

Pilate could not say it more strongly: I have found no fault in this Man!  (Especially nothing worthy of death has been done by Him)  Jesus was innocent of any crime, and Pilate declared Him so. Regardless of the fact that neither he nor Herod could find any fault with Jesus, Pilate ordered Jesus scourged. Hoping to appease everyone, but he would satisfy no one.

This may sound like Pilate suggests a light punishment. But the chastisement he has in mind is not light at all. The Roman custom of scourging was a brutal whipping.  The victim of a Roman scourging was tied against a post, and struck with a whip that had bits of glass, sharp rock, and metal tied to the end of leather cords. The whip would be struck at the top and dragged down the back, until the victim’s entire back was a bloody, open wound. Many people died just from this scourging.

17 for it was necessary for him to release one to them at the feast. But Pilate believed he had a way for Jesus to escape death. He planned to release Him according to the custom of releasing a prisoner every Passover season.  Pilate figured, the slightest bit hostile toward Rome, and then the crowd will love him.

18 With one voice they cried out, “Away with this man! Release Barabbas to us!” 19 Barabbas had been thrown into prison for an insurrection in the city, and for murder

Their loud cries gave the impression that a riot was beginning to build up. It must have been obvious to Pilate that the situation was becoming increasingly ugly

And then the crowd was to choose between Barabbas, who had been indicted for insurrection and Jesus whose ministry would be based upon his resurrection

The crowd, whom Pilate was convinced would release Jesus, instead condemned Him. Because of this Pilate found it impossible to go against both the Jewish leaders and the crowd!

20 Wanting to release Jesus, Pilate appealed to them again. 21 But they kept shouting, “Crucify him! Crucify him!”

22 For the third time he spoke to them: “Why? What crime has this man committed? I have found in him no grounds for the death penalty. Therefore I will have him punished and then release him.”

23 But with loud shouts they insistently demanded that he be crucified, and their shouts prevailed. 24 So Pilate decided to grant their demand. 25 He released the man who had been thrown into prison for insurrection and murder, the one they asked for, and surrendered Jesus to their will.

So the crowd rejected Jesus and embraced Barabbas who was a terrorist and a murderer.  Historians tell us that, shortly after this event, Pilate went into isolation on the island of Sicily.

Approached years later by a disciple of Jesus, he was asked if he remembered Jesus of Nazareth. A blank  look came over his face as he said, Jesus? Of Nazareth?  I don’t remember a thing about Him. Yet so haunted was  Pilate that shortly thereafter, he hung himself.

2 Peter 2:20-22 when a person has escaped from the wicked ways of the world by learning about our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, and then gets tangled up with sin and becomes its slave again, he is worse off than he was before. 21 It would be better if he had never known about Christ at all than to learn of him and then afterwards turn his back on the holy commandments that were given to him. 22 There is an old saying that “A dog comes back to what he has vomited, and a pig is washed only to come back and wallow in the mud again.” That is the way it is with those who turn again to their sin. TLB

26 As they led him away, they seized Simon from Cyrene, who was on his way in from the country, and put the cross on him and made him carry it behind Jesus.

During the 12 hours between 9 p.m. Thursday and 9 a.m. Friday, Jesus suffered many things, both physically from a severe physical beating at the home of the high priest and emotionally with the stress of abandonment by His disciples; a sleepless night, being forced to walk more than two and a half miles. All of these factors made Jesus especially vulnerable to the effects of scourging. Jesus’ physical condition was at least serious and possibly critical.”

Cyrene is located in present-day Libya. Simon had probably been saving all of his adult life to make the eight hundred-mile journey to Jerusalem to celebrate Passover.

As he felt the cold metal of a Roman spear upon his shoulder and heard the command to take up the Cross of the Galilean who had already been beaten beyond recognition, Simon must have wondered, Why me? Things happen we don’t understand    rms 8:28

Mark 15:21 tells us Simon was the father of Rufus and Alexander. In Romans 16:13 The fact that Paul sends greetings to Rufus and Alexander means they were well-known Christians therefore, the implication is that Simon got saved—perhaps the very day he carried the Cross. This shouldn’t be surprising, for those who carry the Cross of Christ will always fall in love with Him.

27 A large number of people followed him, including women who mourned and wailed for him. 28 Jesus turned and said to them, “Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me; weep for yourselves and for your children. 29 For the time will come when you will say, ‘Blessed are the barren women, the wombs that never bore and the breasts that never nursed!’ 30 Then they will say to the mountains, “Fall on us!” and to the hills, “Cover us! 31 For if men do these things when the tree is green, what will happen when it is dry?”

Certain women were very upset when they saw Jesus being treated in this way. But Jesus essentially told them, “Don’t feel sorry for Me or weep for Me, weep for those who reject Me.”  “My agony is about to end—even this day. But you in Jerusalem will go through some incredibly difficult times. If they’ve done this in the time of peace—wait until the Romans show their real hatred toward this city in the season to come.”

32 Two other men, both criminals, were also led out with him to be executed.

33 When they came to the place called the Skull, there they crucified him, along with the criminals-one on his right, the other on his left.

Although this was deliberately designed to bring humiliation to Jesus, it was also designed by God as an illustration as he was identified with sinners being crucified between two criminals.

Two men equally close to Jesus each were having the same perspective of Jesus, and yet each making an entirely different decision about Him. One would be ushered into the kingdom. The other lost to eternal damnation

34 Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing.” And they divided up his clothes by casting lots.  John 19:24 This happened that the scripture might be fulfilled which said,

“They divided my garments among them and cast lots for my clothing.”

In this Jesus fulfilled His own command to love your enemies, bless those who curse you, do good for those who hate you, and pray for those who spitefully use you and persecute you Matthew 5:44

35 The people stood watching, and the rulers even sneered at him. They said, “He saved others; let him save himself if he is the Christ of God, the Chosen One.” 36 The soldiers also came up and mocked him. They offered him wine vinegar 37 and said, “If you are the king of the Jews, save yourself.”  

The crowd spoke the truth; the problem was: If Jesus saved Himself, He couldn’t save us.

38 There was a written notice above him, which read: THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS. John 19:19 Pilate had these signs written

Greek was the language of intellect; Latin, the language of government; and Hebrew the language of religion. Philosophically, politically, and religiously, Jesus is the King.

39 One of the criminals who hung there hurled insults at him: “Aren’t you the Christ? Save yourself and us!”

40 But the other criminal rebuked him. “Don’t you fear God,” he said, “since you are under the same sentence? 41 We are punished justly, for we are getting what our deeds deserve. But this man has done nothing wrong.”

42 Then he said, “Jesus, remember me when you come into your kingdom.”

This thief who trusted in Jesus at the last moment goes to the same heaven anyone else does. Is this fair? In a sense, no; but it gives glory to the grace of God, not to human merit in salvation.

In heaven, we will all be filled to the full with joy and reward; but the degree of our faithfulness now determines how big our container for joy and reward will be in heaven, though all will be filled to the fullest they can hold.

 One thief said, “Get me down.” The other said, “Lord, take me up.” What is your prayer? Is it, “Take me down. Get me out of this mess”—or– is it, “Lord, take me up into a higher understanding of You”?

 43 Jesus answered him, “I tell you the truth, today you will be with me in paradise.”

44 It was now about the sixth hour, and darkness came over the whole land until the ninth hour, 45 for the sun stopped shining. And the curtain of the temple was torn in two.

Phlegon, Roman historian wrote this: “In the fourth year of the 202nd Olympiad, there was an extraordinary eclipse of the sun: at the sixth hour, the day turned into dark night, so that the stars in heaven were seen; and there was an earthquake.”

This is especially remarkable because during a full moon – which Passover was always held at – it was impossible that there be a natural eclipse of the sun.

Those who said, “We will not have the Light of the world rule over us,” would now walk in darkness.

 So, too, the extent to which you and I reject His light is the extent to which our lives will be filled with darkness.

The Holy of Holies was now accessible for the first time. In this, God declared, “Open House! No more ceremonial sacrifices or religious rituals. The Work is done. As believers, come into My presence any time you want.”  Heb 4:16 Let us then approach the throne of grace with confidence, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help us in our time of need.

Don’t sew up the veil. Don’t get out your needle and thread and say, “You can’t come into the presence of God until you sing six worship songs.” Or, “You can’t come into the presence of God until you have devotions for three days.” Or, “You can’t come into the presence of God until you give up that sin.” Don’t fall prey to the formulas and principles that, stitch by stitch, sew up the veil. Instead, move into God’s presence freely.

 46 Jesus called out with a loud voice, “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit.” When he had said this, he breathed his last

. After six days of creation, the Father looked over what He had made and said, “It is very good.” Then He rested. So, too, after being on the Cross six hours, the Son said, “It is finished”—and He rested.

When Jesus cried out with a loud voice, John 19:30 tells us what He said: it is finished, which is one word in the Greek meaning paid in full. This is the cry of a winner, because Jesus had paid in full the debt of sin we owed, and had finished the eternal purpose of the cross.

This shows that Jesus gave up His life when He wanted to and how He wanted to. No one took His life from Him; He gave it up when His work was finished.

John 19: The Jewish leaders didn’t want the victims hanging there the next day, which was the Sabbath (and a very special Sabbath at that, for it was the Passover), so they asked Pilate to order the legs of the men broken to hasten death; then their bodies could be taken down. 32 So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the two men crucified with Jesus; 33 but when they came to him, they saw that he was dead already, so they didn’t break his. 34 However, one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and blood and water flowed out. 35 I saw all this myself and have given an accurate report so that you also can believe.  36 The soldiers did this in fulfillment of the Scripture that says, “Not one of his bones shall be broken,” and, “They shall look on him whom they pierced.” John 19:31-36 TLB

47 The centurion, seeing what had happened, praised God and said, “Surely this was a righteous man.”

Matthew tells us this centurion would go on to say, “Truly this was the Son of God” What convinced him was the way Jesus handled rejection and pain, suffering and death.

Why do we as believers insist on never going through suffering, when it is actually the method the Lord uses to bring about the conversion of many!           

48 When all the people who had gathered to witness this sight saw what took place, they beat their breasts and went away. The crowd knew they had done wrong, that a travesty of justice had occurred.  49 But all those who knew him, including the women who had followed him from Galilee, stood at a distance, watching these things.

50 Now there was a man named Joseph, a member of the Council, a good and upright man, 51 who had not consented to their decision and action. He came from the Judean town of Arimathea and he was waiting for the kingdom of God.  52 Going to Pilate, he asked for Jesus’ body. 53 Then he took it down, wrapped it in linen cloth and placed it in a tomb cut in the rock, one in which no one had yet been laid. 54 It was Preparation Day, and the Sabbath was about to begin.

Although a member of the Sanhedrin, Joseph a secret disciple of Jesus for fear of the Jewish leaders, had not consented to the crucifixion of Christ.  Nicodemus helped – (John 19)

Jesus’ body was wrapped in linen the very material the  high priests would wear during Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement

They were unable to properly prepare the body of Jesus for burial because of the coming Sabbath. So in hurried preparation, Jesus’ body was placed in a borrowed tomb

55 The women who had come with Jesus from Galilee followed Joseph and saw the tomb and how his body was laid in it. 56 Then they went home and prepared spices and perfumes. But they rested on the Sabbath in obedience to the commandment.