Luke22: 39-46

Written by kathleen on Aug 24, 2014 in - No Comments

Luke 22: 39-46

Time to wake  up!

  1. The way of the cross was far more intense for Jesus than we can possibly imagine
  2. It’s OK to state to the Father our own will in a given situation,
  3. Even the strongest of men and women must learn to voluntarily submit their wills to the Father’s
  4. Disciples must learn to watch and pray so that we may resist temptation.

39 Jesus went out as usual to the Mount of Olives and his disciples followed him

It was a routine that week of the Festival — days in the temple, evenings on the Mount of Olives, they came out from the upper room where they had just had the Passover meal and after speaking very pointedly to Peter and after warning His disciples that the times would be changing, Jesus leaves the city and crosses the little creek bed of the Kidron and went over, to the mount of Olive to the area called Gethsemane.

The Kidron Brook runs along a shallow canyon on the east side of Jerusalem. Across that brook begins a mile-long ridge paralleling the eastern part of the city, a hill that rises about 150 feet higher than Jerusalem itself. . The word “Kidron” means “dark” or “murky” because the blood of the 250,000 sacrifices would drain out of the temple and into the brook below. Jesus crosses over

Near the base of that hill is the traditional location of Gethsemane This would be the perfect place for Jesus to pray so passionately, for “Gethsemane” means “olive press” and was the place where olives were crushed to release their oil.

Chapter 12 of the book of Hebrews tells us that Jesus “endured the cross, scorning its shame for the joy set before Him”. In other words, although He was under immense pressure, and in torment at the suffering He was undergoing, He pressed on, first, because it was the will of the Father and, second, because, by faith, He knew that He would have great joy on the other side of the suffering.This suffering and sacrifice of Jesus allowed the Holy Spirit to be poured out on those who believe in Him. bringing joy in our salvation, and joy in the promise of what is to come in eternity.

 40 On reaching the place, he said to them, “Pray that you will not fall (enter) into temptation.”

Jesus gives his disciples the same advice that he himself will shortly follow: to pray in the crisis, that the temptation or testing will not get the better of them.

Prayer is not simply to ask for things you need or want—but also to protect you from things you don’t need or want.

We’ll never know until we get to heaven just how important our prayers are.

Stop praying, temptations will be more difficult to overcome. Stop praying your family will become even more vulnerable to attacks of the Enemy.

Stop praying and your marriage will feel the effects.

41 He withdrew about a stone’s throw beyond them, knelt down and prayed,  

Matthew and Mark mention that Jesus takes Peter, James, and John with him, and then moves a bit farther from them, Luke doesn’t tell us exactly; but that Jesus is within hearing distance and alone.

3 occasions with Jesus Jarius daughter power over death –mount of transfiguration glorified, concerning his death – garden = surrendered to death Preparation for Peter James and John

Jesus’ posture here is different from any other time we see Jesus in prayer. The typical Jewish prayer posture of the day was standing, with eyes open and lifted to heaven.

Here Jesus kneels, perhaps to reflect his urgency and humility as he relinquishes all his humanity to the father.

42 “Father, if you are willing, take this cup from me; yet not my will, but yours be done.”

Jesus This short prayer has four parts: #1.The Address. “Father” The disciples had the privilege of observing him at the point of intense pressure and Jesus simply says “Father” and in Mark’s Gospel includes the more intimate Aramaic word, “Abba”.

#2 Condition. Jesus states a condition in this prayer “if you are willing” In Matthew’s account it is recorded “If it is possible” Mark writes it as “Everything is possible for you.”

It’s OK to state to the Father our own will in a given situation, What the Father wills IS possible. So Jesus is asking if the Father would, in the realm of his will and purpose, create a way for him to avoid the cross.

#3 request “Take this cup from me Jesus’ desire was always for the Father’s best intention. He’s asking only if  prayer can be answered within the scope of his Father’s intention does he want it answered. He had willingly resolved to lay down His life and that was creating a huge struggle in his flesh

When we find ourselves in the battle of the flesh God tells us in Heb 4:16 tells us to come boldly to the very throne of God and stay there to receive his mercy and to find grace to help us in our times of need. TLB

This is not an invitation to “Come boldly and we’ll see how you’re doing.” No, it’s a guarantee for us to “Come boldly and you will obtain mercy and you will find grace!”

The definition of mercy is “not getting what you deserve.” The definition of grace, on the other hand, is “getting what you don’t deserve.” We deserve to have condemning judgment producing punishment.

But grace is Gods Riches At Christ’ Expense!

When you come to the throne boldly—not tentatively, not reluctantly, but boldly because the price has been paid and the work done you find mercy and grace whenever you have need.

Only then #4 Submission can and will take place “not my will, but yours be done.” Even the strongest of men and women must learn to voluntarily submit their wills to the Father’s

Jesus had come to a point of decision in Gethsemane. It wasn’t that He had not decided nor consented before, but now He had come to a point of action as He drank the cup at Calvary completing the surrender of his will to the Fathers will.

 43 An angel from heaven appeared to him and strengthened him.                    In response to Jesus’ prayers, the Father did not take the cup from Jesus; but He strengthened Jesus to be able to take and drink the cup by sending an angel.

Since that time there has been a saying that says: Every life has a Garden of Gethsemane. And every Gethsemane has an angel. The Lord will always send an angel into your Gethsemane—an unexpected person, a Bible study, a radio teaching, a book—to strengthen you in your time of need.

No temptation is completely irresistible. But you can trust God to keep the temptation from becoming so strong that you can’t stand up against it, for he has promised this and will do what he says. He will show you how to escape temptation’s power so that you can bear up patiently against it. 1 Cor 10:13TLB

44 And being in anguish, he prayed more earnestly, and his sweat was like drops of blood falling to the ground.                                            

Hematradosis sweat & blood from high emotional stress   This helps us understand why Jesus used the figure of a cup. Repeatedly in the Old Testament, a cup is a powerful picture of the wrath and judgment of God:

Ps 75:8 In the hand of the LORD is a cup full of foaming wine mixed with spices; he pours it out, and all the wicked of the earth drink it down to its very dregs.

Isa 51:17 Awake, awake! Rise up, O Jerusalem, you who have drunk from the hand of the LORD the cup of his wrath, you who have drained to its dregs the goblet that makes men stagger.

Jer 25:15-16 This is what the LORD, the God of Israel, said to me: “Take from my hand this cup filled with the wine of my wrath and make all the nations to whom I send you drink it. 16 When they drink it, they will stagger and go mad because of the sword I will send among them.”

1 Cor 15:45 So it is written: “The first man Adam became a living being”; the last Adam, (Jesus) a life-giving spirit.

In the Garden of Eden, the first man Adam stood in rebellion against God.

In the garden of Gethsemane, the Last Adam knelt in submission to God

In the Garden of Eden, the first Adam was sentenced to work by the sweat of his brow.

In the Garden of Gethsemane, the Last Adam agonized so deeply that blood flowed from His brow.

Today you might be saying, “Life is hard. My job is not going right. My marriage is falling apart. My kids are acting up. Why should I press on in the faith?

I’m tired of living by the sweat of my brow. I’m tired of dealing with rebellious kids. I’m tired of trying to make ends meet. I’m just plain tired.”

When you feel tired & beat down it’s because you’re sweating as part of fallen humanity and at times Life is hard. Its part of the curse humanity brought down on itself.

According to the Bible in Rom 3:23 all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, that’s why it says in Proverbs 13:15 the way of the transgressor is hard!

But understand that although it’s hard being a Christian, it’s a lot harder not being a Christian. If we didn’t know Jesus, we would still have the same problems, but we’d have no access to the One who solves them.

 45 When he rose from prayer and went back to the disciples, he found them asleep, exhausted from sorrow.

The disciples have heard their Leader agonizing a few steps away they can sense his struggle and are bewildered at the same time as they are grieved by it. But they cannot stay awake. (Physically exhausted)

Jesus has been pouring out his heart in prayer; the disciples were so filled with sorrow and emotional strain instead of praying they have fallen asleep.

Matthew and Mark record that Jesus prays and then returns to his disciples three times seeking their companionship and encouragement in his struggle

Disciples must learn to watch and pray so that they may resist temptation

 46 “Why are you sleeping?” he asked them. “Get up and pray so that you will not fall into temptation.”

Matt 26:40 he asked Peter. “Watch and pray so that you will not fall into temptation. The spirit is willing, but the body is weak.”

Jesus knows that they, too, are about to undergo a crisis in just a few hours that will be unimaginable.

They will see their Master arrested, spat upon, tried, convicted, sentenced, crucified, dead, and buried before night falls tomorrow.

Jesus’ words fit your situation and mine, too. Were the disciples sleeping? Yes, literally, and too often we sleep spiritually. We don’t watch. We don’t consistently pray. We don’t stay spiritually alert. And we don’t “arise” as Jesus urged his disciples to do in the Garden

It’s not a coincidence that it seems like the days on which the temptation seems the strongest are those days when we haven’t prepared ourselves in prayer  

The apostle Paul realized this in his letter to the Ephesians 5:14 “Wake up, O sleeper, rise from the dead, and Christ will shine on you.”

Paul says “Wake up!” “Look what’s happening in your lives.”

I know of so many people who could have turned this world upside down for the Lord, young people who could have really made a mark for the kingdom.

But because they weren’t awake to what the Word of God says concerning a life set apart from filthiness and unclean self centered living they’re ineffective to this day.

15 Be very careful, then, how you live-not as unwise but as wise,                            

Be careful how you act; these are difficult days. Don’t be fools; be wise: make the most of every opportunity you have for doing good.

16 making the most of every opportunity, because the days are evil.                      

Thank the Lord for things you see. Pray about things that come to mind. Redeem the time by bringing the Lord into all you do.

17 Therefore do not be foolish, but understand what the Lord’s will is.                   

Don’t act thoughtlessly, but try to find out and do whatever the Lord wants you to practically

18 Do not get drunk on wine, which leads to debauchery. Instead, be filled with the Spirit.

Don’t drink too much for many evils lie along that path; be filled instead with the Holy Spirit and controlled by him.

19 Speak to one another with psalms, hymns and spiritual songs. Sing and make music in your heart to the Lord,

20 always giving thanks to God the Father for everything, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ.

When we feel things aren’t going very well we’re tempted to lose heart & hope. When this happens, the only thing to do is to speak to the Lord & others in psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs. Turning our eyes to Jesus!

If that isn’t enough; you can always talk to yourself; David did Ps 43:5 Why are you downcast, O my soul? Why so disturbed within me? Put your hope in God, for I will yet praise him, my Savior and my God.

Psalm 103 “Bless the Lord, O my soul,”  

David had joined himself with the philistines 1 Samuel 29-30

David and his men returned from fighting the Amalekites only to discover that their town had been burned by their enemies, but that their wives and kids had been taken hostage. “This is your fault “You took us away from here.” his men were so angry were they that they wanted to kill him.

Then in 1 Samuel 30:6 David, encouraged himself in the Lord. He sang songs. He wrote psalms. He began to praise and worship. As a result, he rallied his men once again and they recovered all that was lost.

Had David remained in his struggling state, not only would he have been rendered ineffective, but the women and children would have remained captive. And so will you until you begin to worship.

God’s will is that you be free—and nothing will free you from the captivity of your own situation like worship.

You will be profoundly blessed and amazingly productive whenever you give thanks to God for all things in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ.