Luke22: 21-30

Written by kathleen on Aug 10, 2014 in - No Comments

Luke 22: 21-30


21 But the hand of him who is going to betray me is with mine on the table.

It must have been a shock when Jesus declared that he would be betrayed by one of the Twelve who shared with him in this most sacred of meals that we call The Last Supper.

Jesus’ words are ironic. One’s hand at the table should indicate close fellowship and an obligation to be faithful to one’s host.

Eating with another person was a way of making a informal non-aggression pact with someone. The host had a solemn obligation to provide for and serve his guests but the guests then had an obligation not to harm their host

22 The Son of Man will go as it has been decreed, but woe to that man who betrays him.” Peter, when he spoke of their crucifying Jesus, he said in Acts 2:23-24 This man was handed over to you by God’s set purpose and foreknowledge; and you, with the help of wicked men, put him to death by nailing him to the cross.

But God raised him from the dead, freeing him from the agony of death, because it was impossible for death to keep its hold on him.

In other words this betrayal and following events were not being determined by the priests who are conspiring with Judas. That’s not where the determination was made. The determination was made back before the world was ever created. Rev 13:8 All inhabitants of the earth will worship the beast-all whose names have not been written in the book of life belonging to the Lamb that was slain from the creation of the world. 

Christ was crucified from the beginning foundations of the earth before He created man; Eph 1:4 For he chose us in him before the creation of the world to be holy and blameless in his sight.

God knew man would fail because of the free will he would be given. So God designed a plan by His foreknowledge to show His love to man by sending His Son for the rescue from the sin man would commit.

It was determined by prophecy that the Messiah should be betrayed Ps 41:9 Even my close friend, whom I trusted, he who shared my bread, has lifted up his heel against me.  

Judas had done his job well as a traitor, because none of the other disciples seemed to suspect him.

Judas cannot claim that he “helped” Jesus by fulfilling prophecy as some want you to believe. He was and is fully accountable for his sin before God.

“The fact that God overrules the evil that people do as he brings his purposes to pass does not make them any the less evil.

God’s purposes are going to be accomplished. And we can become instruments through which God’s purposes are accomplished. Or we can refuse to be instruments through which God’s purposes are accomplished.

Either way God’s going to accomplish that which He plans to accomplish. Therefore we can have the awesome privilege to be God’s instrument and be used of God in accomplishing those purposes.

But if I’m not, then God will raise up another instrument. God is not going to stop His purposes just because of the frailty of a human being.

I don’t believe Judas had to be an instrument but he had opened the door. He had allowed Satan to come in; and now he was acting as an instrument of Satan and Jesus said concerning him, “Better for him had he never been born” (Mark 14:21).

23 They began to question among themselves which of them it might be who would do this.

If you have ever been betrayed by one who claimed to be your friend, then you know the bewilderment that the disciples felt.  I wonder what it felt like to be a disciple at the table that night.

Jesus’ words must have created a tension in the air and cast a lull over the Passover meal. “They began to question among themselves which of them it might be who would do this.”  You can imagine the kind of shock and denial and self-doubt that was going on around the table, “I could never do that.” “Oh, I’m not so sure…””Who could it be?” “Will it be me?” yet Judas sat smugly next to Jesus knowing that he was the betrayer (more insight)

John 13:20-30 I tell you the truth, whoever accepts anyone  I send accepts me; and whoever accepts me accepts the one who sent me.” 21 After he had said this, Jesus was troubled in spirit and testified, “I tell you the truth, one of you is going to betray me.”  22 His disciples stared at one another, at a loss to know which of them he meant. 23 One of them, the disciple whom Jesus loved, was reclining next to him. 24 Simon Peter motioned to this disciple and said “Ask him which one he means.” 25 Leaning back against Jesus, he asked him, “Lord, who is it?” 26 Jesus answered, “It is the one to whom I will give this piece of bread when I have dipped it in the dish.” Then, dipping the piece of bread, he gave it to Judas Iscariot, son of Simon.  27 As soon as Judas took the bread, Satan entered into him. “What you are about to do, do quickly,” Jesus told him, 28 but no one at the meal understood why Jesus said this to him. 29 Since Judas had charge of the money, some thought Jesus was telling him to buy what was needed for the Feast, or to give something to the poor. 30 As soon as Judas had taken the bread, he went out. And it was night.

It’s interesting that they really didn’t seem to suspect Judas and that they didn’t say, I’ve been suspicious of Judas all the way along. He just hasn’t quite fit in the group. But immediately they began to look at themselves!

    what happens when your eyes are not on Jesus?

24 Also a dispute arose among them as to which of them was considered to be greatest.

Can you imagine this at this point? When He’s talking about His death saying; I’m going to be suffering. I’m not going to eat of the bread until I eat it again in the kingdom or drink of the vine until I drink of it in the kingdom.  

It’s almost frightening to think that after Jesus has poured three years of His life into these men; after they have seen the character of Jesus on display in almost every conceivable circumstance; that now, at the final hours before His betrayal, arrest, and crucifixion, they are arguing – about which of them is the greatest! (It became all about me)

At one moment the disciples were saying, “Am I the betrayer?” the next they were saying, “Aren’t I great?”

This is what happens to anyone trying to live a performance-oriented faith. If you live by rules and regulations—trying to impress God with your devotion, your ministry, your piety—like the disciples, you will vacillate between feeling like a betrayer who can’t keep your own standards and a superstar when you do keep them for a day or two.

 If your Christian walk struggles in this area & has been up and down; remember on the Cross Jesus declared “It is finished” that means there is nothing else that can or must be done

It’s Jesus plus nothing.  (Jesus and or Jesus but it’s wrong!)

 Things are going to change your graduating from followers to leaders

25 Jesus said to them, “The kings of the Gentiles lord it over them; and those who exercise authority over them call themselves Benefactors. 26 But you are not to be like that. Instead, the greatest among you should be like the youngest, and the one who rules like the one who serves. 27 For who is greater, the one who is at the table or the one who serves? Is it not the one who is at the table? But I am among you as one who serves.

“In the 1st century world it was accepted that age gave privileges; the youngest was, by definition, the lowliest.” In that society, the older ones always controlled the situation. The younger were always there as servants. They were in a tutoring kind of a thing, learning how to rule, learning how to govern, serving those who were governing. But Jesus said, Let the greatest among you be as one who is younger, who is serving.

The world exercises authority and power with a certain style, all of it ultimately self-exalting. But Jesus wasn’t like that, and neither should His followers be. We might think that Jesus should have settled the issue by saying, “Hey dummies – I’m the greatest!” Instead, Jesus answered their question by what He did. John 13:1-5 It was just before the Passover Feast. Jesus knew that the time had come for him to leave this world and go to the Father. Having loved his own who were in the world, he now showed them the full extent of his love.  2 The evening meal was being served, and the devil had already prompted Judas Iscariot, son of Simon, to betray Jesus. 3 Jesus knew that the Father had put all things under his power, and that he had come from God and was returning to God; 4 so he got up from the meal, took off his outer clothing, and wrapped a towel around his waist. 5 After that, he poured water into a basin and began to wash his disciples’ feet, drying them with the towel that was wrapped around him.

John 13:12-17 When he had finished washing their feet, he put on his clothes and returned to his place. “Do you understand what I have done for you?” he asked them. 13 “You call me ‘Teacher’ and ‘Lord,’ and rightly so, for that is what I am. 14 Now that I, your Lord and Teacher, have washed your feet, you also should wash one another’s feet. 15 I have set you an example that you should do as I have done for you. 16 I tell you the truth, no servant is greater than his master, nor is a messenger greater than the one who sent him. 17 Now that you know these things, you will be blessed if you do them.

That’s the order that Jesus gave for the church unfortunately most religious hierarchy that has been established is unbiblical; with the building of ivory towers for their leaders.

That’s attitude that we so often see manifested in the ministry where leaders are being placed above the people and then being catered to; that’s absolutely wrong!  Jesus said, if you’re going to be the boss, then be the servant of all especially in the ministry.

Jesus is trying to re-arrange our thinking, our priorities. Living with a servant’s attitude is really the best way to live. At that point we are no longer concerned for our own honor & reputation; we won’t walk around with hurt feelings and disappointed expectations, because all we want to do is to serve. We can always do what we want to do, because we can always serve somehow

Jesus isn’t saying that if you serve in a lowly place, you will be given a great place. He is saying that in God’s eyes, the attitude of a servant is the greatest place.

Being a servant does not mean that we are unrewarded but quite the opposite; God’s greatest servants will receive the greatest rewards.  A great servant does not serve for the sake of reward, but for the sake of God’s glory.  Jesus isn’t against ruling or things done in a decent order, but more about the way in which it is done.

We’re used to top-down authority, where the top leader has authority to direct everyone under him or her. It existed in Jesus’ day and the top leaders were referred to by the people as Benefactors

It’s not that a spiritual leader should not have authority but that he exercises it in a different way. Their authority is not established by appointment of office, but by demonstration of service.                             How much of a servant are you? A good indicator is to see how we react when we are treated like a servant

28 You are those who have stood by me in my trials. 29 And I confer on you a kingdom, just as my Father conferred one on me, 30 so that you may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom and sit on thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.

 Jesus recognizes his disciples as those who have stood by him in his trials; they had seen how “he” had lived, and to the trials he had been subjected too; they had all expected a kingdom, and he is assuring them that they will not be disappointed.

He goes on to tell them they will have special status in the Kingdom of God. They will sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel, and their names will be on the twelve foundations of the wall of the New Jerusalem. Rev 21:13 The wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them were the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.  I believe that this scripture indicates that this conferring of a kingdom does not apply just to the Twelve but to you and to me who seek to serve Jesus daily as his disciples, in troubles and trials and in good times all with great joy.

We read in the Old Testament about God’s original desire for his people: “You will be for me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation” (Exodus 19:6).

In the New Testament, Peter writes, “But you are a chosen people, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people belonging to God, that you may declare the praises of him who called you out of darkness into his wonderful light” (1 Peter 2:9).

In the last book of the Bible we see more about this role as administrators in the Kingdom: “And has made us to be a kingdom and priests to serve his God and Father.” (Revelation 1:6)

“You have made them to be a kingdom and priests to serve our God, and they will reign on the earth.” (Revelation 5:10)

“Blessed and holy are those who have part in the first resurrection. The second death has no power over them, but they will be priests of God and of Christ and will reign with him for a thousand years.” (Revelation 20:6)

Livitcus 10 the arc of the covenant

In v.30 Jesus offers his disciples the privilege of sharing his own table. The words “eat” and “drink” are in the present tense, indicating continuing action. This isn’t just a single meal, but an ongoing event of continual presence of the Lord.

But more than an eternal ticket that entitles one to sit at the King’s own table, the disciples are offered a seat at the most important Feast of all the ages: the Marriage Supper of the Lamb.

This is the occasion when Jesus will be joined by the patriarchs of ancient times and  Matthew 8:11“I say to you that many will come from the east and the west, and will take their places at the feast with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob in the kingdom of heaven.”