Luke22: 1-20

Written by kathleen on Aug 03, 2014 in - No Comments

Luke22: 1-20  

Making  preparations

1 Now the Feast of Unleavened Bread, called the Passover, was approaching,

Moses explains the Jewish feast in the book of Leviticus chapter twenty-three, that on the fourteenth day of the first month, they were to celebrate the feast of Passover. And it was to be a memorial feast by which they commemorated God’s passing through Egypt and slaying the firstborn in order that the Pharaoh might be convinced to allow the children of Israel to leave.

So God made provision for the children of Israel that wherever they would place the blood of the Lamb on the lintels of the doorposts of their house, so when the death angel passed through and killed the firstborn, where the blood was seen upon the lintels and doorposts, he would pass over that house so that the firstborn would not be slain. Hence the word Passover.

2 and the chief priests and the teachers of the law were looking for some way to get rid of Jesus, for they were afraid of the people.

The timing is significant, because at Passover there was a great expectation of the Messiah coming and Jerusalem was crowded with Messiah-expecting multitudes. Because it was a major feast, many of the people who had heard and seen Jesus in the region of Galilee were in Jerusalem, with great respect and great expectation for Jesus and His ministry.

The chief priests and scribes wanted to get rid of Jesus but they were true politicians in the sense that they were very concerned with the opinion of the people. They wanted to remain in office and so they sought to do their deeds in such a way as not to rile the people

3 Then Satan entered Judas, called Iscariot, one of the Twelve. 4 And Judas went to the chief priests and the officers of the temple guard and discussed with them how he might betray Jesus. 5 They were delighted and agreed to give him money. 6 He consented, and watched for an opportunity to hand Jesus over to them when no crowd was present.

John’s gospel tells us that Jesus early on in His ministry said, Have I not chosen twelve of you but one of you is the devil! That tells us Jesus knew from the beginning who it was that was going to betray Him.

John also tells us that Judas was more or less the treasurer of the group. He paid the bills. And we read that when that woman poured on Jesus that expensive perfume, he said, Why this waste? We could have sold this for a lot of money and given it to the poor. But John said it wasn’t that he was interested in the poor, he was keeping the money and he had been stealing from it. And at this point in time we read that Satan entered into Judas.

 Going back to the previous chapter in the last couple of verses, “In the daytime Jesus was teaching in the temple; and at night, He went out and stayed at the Mount of Olives. And the people came early in the morning to hear Him in the temple” 

Judas knew the place that Jesus was staying on the Mount of Olives so he went to the priest and he struck a deal with them that he would betray Jesus and lead them to him at an opportune moment.

 Matthew tells us the chief priests gave Judas thirty pieces of silver, the Old Testament price of a slave.

 Where did the thirty pieces of silver come from?  During Passover, the priests carried small bags of money tied to their belts in order to purchase lambs to be used as sacrifices.

Therefore, it is highly likely that the chief priests used money committed to their care for the purchase of sacrificial lambs to “purchase” Jesus; who is the ultimate sacrificial Lamb.

Back in the Old Testament, Zechariah made a very interesting and remarkable prophecy concerning the betrayal of the Messiah. Chapter eleven, beginning with verse twelve, “Zech 11:12-13  I told them, “If you think it best, give me my pay; but if not, keep it.” So they paid me thirty pieces of silver. 13 And the LORD said to me, “Throw it to the potter”-the handsome price at which they priced me! So I took the thirty pieces of silver and threw them into the house of the LORD to the potter.

 Imagine prophesying something that’s going to happen 500 years in the future with that kind of accuracy? You’re prophesying concerning a man that will be betrayed for thirty pieces of silver. They would then take that silver and throw it in the house of the Lord and those people use it to buy a potter’s field. Some might say that’s impossible. Of course it is. It’s proof of divine revelation of prophesy!

7 Then came the day of Unleavened Bread on which the Passover lamb had to be sacrificed.

That would be the next day the fifteenth and it began the feast of unleavened bread

The Passover feast, as were all of the feasts, not only commemorating what God had done with the acknowledgment of God’s goodness and grace, but they were filled with anticipation; especially this one!

The feast of the Passover was looking forward, as well as looking backward at the lamb in Egypt, it was also looking forward to the Lamb of God who would be slain for the sins of the world. And we now know Jesus would fulfill the anticipation of this Passover feast.

8 Jesus sent Peter and John, saying, “Go and make preparations for us to eat the Passover.

According to history records based on the number of lambs slaughtered, there were approximately 2.6 million people packed into Jerusalem to celebrate this particular Passover.

Passover was to be celebrated by families. Therefore, in celebrating Passover with His disciples, Jesus looked at His disciples as His family.

I like that because at this point, these men weren’t very spiritual. Judas would betray Him. Peter would deny Him. Thomas would doubt Him. Yet Jesus treated them as family. And if He did that with them, He’ll do it with us as well.

C.C.V. is our family

9 “Where do you want us to prepare for it?” they asked. 10 He replied, “As you enter the city, a man carrying a jar of water will meet you. Follow him to the house that he enters,

11 and say to the owner of the house, ‘The Teacher asks: Where is the guest room, where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?’ 12 He will show you a large upper room, all furnished. Make preparations there.” 13 They left and found things just as Jesus had told them. So they prepared the Passover.

divine appointment ——Carrying water was women’s work. Therefore, it would have been unusual to see a man doing so. “And they went and found as He had said” That’s not true only for the disciples in their day, but for us as well. Whatever Jesus says, you’ll find it to be true. There are no exceptions. When Jesus says something you can be sure it’s true.

14 When the hour came, Jesus and his apostles reclined at the table. 15 And he said to them, “I have eagerly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. 16 For I tell you, I will not eat it again until it finds fulfillment in the kingdom of God.”

 The Jewish days begin at sundown and go from sundown to sundown. So the Passover day had begun.

Jesus eats the Passover feast with His disciples knowing this would be the last real observance of the Passover. This is what the feast was looking forward to throughout all of the hundreds of years, this final Passover that is about to be fulfilled!

The next day He’ll be hanging on the cross as the Lamb of God giving Himself as a sacrifice for man’s sin.  That’s what Jesus is all about!

“Most assuredly, I say to you, he who hears My word and believes in Him who sent Me has everlasting life, and shall not come into judgment, but has passed from death into life. John 5:24-25

The Christian is spared spiritual death through our faith in Jesus Christ. That is the second death. Not the first death. Born once –die twice = born twice –die once

Jesus ate the meal with them

17 After taking the cup, he gave thanks and said, “Take this and divide it among you. 18 For I tell you I will not drink again of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.”

19 And he took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body given for you; do this in remembrance of me.”

20 In the same way, after the supper he took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out for you.

So again Jesus is pointing to the fact that this whole ceremony of the Passover will have its fulfillment and a true understanding of the meaning on the next day;

Then He gives a new meaning to the elements of what we now call communion; telling them No longer are you to be reminded of the lamb that was slain in Egypt and God’s deliverance when the blood was on the doorposts.

But from now on, you’re to remember the Lamb of God that shed his blood for the sins of the world on the cross of Calvary and is known as the New Covenant!

The new covenant is all about an inner transformation, that cleanses  us from all sin. As Jeremiah 31:34 says, For I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more.

It is about putting God’s Word and will in us, as Jeremiah 31:33 says: I will put My law in their minds, and write it on their hearts.

It is all about a new, close, relationship with God, as Jeremiah 31:33 says (I will be there God, and they shall be My people).

Because of what Jesus did on the cross, we have can have a new covenant relationship with God.

But many Christians live as if there is no inner transformation as if there is no cleansing from sin, as if there is no word and will of God in our hearts, and as if there is no new and close relationship with God.

If that’s the case it can all change in the next few minutes Jesus instituted the ordinance of Communion saying  “Do this in remembrance of Me.” this is His last commandment for us! So as followers of Jesus Christ when you and I enter into a time of communion it is not just a time of obedience but more a time to express our thankfulness and love to him by opening our hearts giving him praise and adoration!

When people start diminishing or excluding the importance of Communion saying the mention of blood is offensive or it’s not politically correct it’s a tragedy!

Communion (the Lord’s Supper) is much more than just a little cracker and cup of grape juice.

It is much more than something we do out of obligation or tradition Rather, at the Lord’s Table something miraculous happens.

When we partake of the Lord’s Table in faith, we’re saying “I love you Lord, and I believe that You truly are filling me and that Your blood is once again washing me,” It’s in that time we are participating in a miracle and mystery; not only intimately but also mysteriously as we become one with our Lord, at the same time we also become one with our brothers and sisters as we eat of the same loaf and drink of the same cup.

Communion actually has a three-fold aspect: It looks back in faith as it remembers the Cross.

It looks ahead in love as we see Christians all around the world and throughout history eating of the same loaf and drinking of the same cup.

It brings hope as it waits for the day we will eat with the Lord in the kingdom at the marriage supper of the Lamb.

 Concerning Communion, Jesus didn’t say, “Teach it.” He didn’t say, “Think about it.” He didn’t say, “Try to fit it in.” He said, “Do this.

Then the angel said to me, “Write: ‘Blessed are those who are invited to the wedding supper of the Lamb!'” Rev 19:9