Luke20: 19-40

Written by kathleen on Jun 29, 2014 in - No Comments

Luke 20: 19-40

Giving God what He is due

Money Marriage  Eternity

 19 The teachers of the law and the chief priests looked for a way to arrest him immediately, because they knew he had spoken this parable against them. But they were afraid of the people.

20 Keeping a close watch on him, they sent spies, who pretended to be honest. They hoped to catch Jesus in something he said so that they might hand him over to the power and authority of the governor.

Trying to catch Jesus Public opinion had kept them from laying hold of Jesus. Now the enemies of Jesus are trying to turn the tide of public opinion against Him.

They want Jesus to appear to side with the Roman government because they wanted to turn Him over to the Roman government accusing Him of insurrection or treason against Rome so that the Roman government might put Him to death.

Pretending to be honest. So they sent out these guys to pretend like they were very interested and very respectful of the things He had to say and to ask Him leading type of questions. They were looking for something to create charges that they might bring to Rome.

 21 So the spies questioned him: “Teacher, we know that you speak and teach what is right, and that you do not show partiality but teach the way of God in accordance with the truth. 22 Is it right for us to pay taxes to Caesar or not?”

Knowing what is right!  They knew the truth when they heard it!

Since 6 a.d. the Jews were forced to pay taxes directly into the emperor’s treasury.

Some Jewish patriots (such as the Zealots) refused, not wanting to recognize Roman rule as legitimate.

The Herodians liked it because they got a kick back everybody else grudgingly paid it.

The question really was: Are these taxes that the Roman government is forcing upon us, is it lawful that we pay those or not?

In Jesus’ day, paying taxes to Caesar was of great importance especially for Jesus because he was a man who claimed to be God.

Therefore, if Jesus said the tax should be paid He will seem to deny the sovereignty of God over Israel, and the Jewish leaders could accuse Him of supporting idolatry and that would turn the crowd against Him causing a loss of popular support

If, however, He says that it should not be paid, He declares Himself an enemy of Rome, which branded Him as a revolutionary and put His life in danger and they could have Him arrested for anarchy.

They thought that they had a Catch twenty-two

This seemed to put Jesus in the place of a dilemma.

Seeing through trickery by a choice –  When people recognize you as a Christian; many times  not only are you put on a pedestal but they may bring you a situation that will compromise your testimony! All to see your allegiance to Jesus

23 He saw through their duplicity (trickery) and said to them, 24 “Show me a denarius Whose portrait and inscription are on it?”

25 “Caesar’s,” they replied. He said to them, “Then give to Caesar what is Caesar’s, and to God what is God’s.”

 With two strikes against them, the Jewish leaders move on to question Jesus’ theology. As Jesus holds the coin, it lays on the very hand that would soon be pierced by the government of Caesar.

Jesus understood this very well and said “You recognize Caesar’s civil authority when you use his coins; therefore you are obliged to pay him the taxes he asks for.”

Just as it is important to render therefore to Caesar, we must also render to God the things that are God’s.

The coin belonged to Caesar because his image was stamped on it. We should give ourselves to God because His image is stamped on us. Eph1. Jesus is saying that we are citizens of heaven and earth at the same time.”

Because they were living under the Law the blessings and curses of the Mosaic Law said that an obedient Israel would be a free Israel.

Had the Jews given God His due, they would have never had to render Caesar anything. The fact that they were under Roman domination was due to their own departure from the Lord.

We live in this country and all have a responsibility to recognize and respond to (what is Caesars) but in that we all have the choice to give our life to God. It may even be fitting to die for your country, but only God is worth living for.

Apostle Paul reminds us of this in his letter to the church in Rome So, dear brothers, I plead with you to give your bodies to God. Let them be a living sacrifice, holy-the kind he can accept. When you think of what he has done for you, is this too much to ask? 2 Don’t copy the behavior and customs of this world, but be a new and different person with a fresh newness in all you do and think. Then you will learn from your own experience how his ways will really satisfy you. Rom 12:1-2 TLB

silenced by Jesus 26 They were unable to trap him in what he had said there in public. And astonished by his answer, they became silent.

The Pharisees have come after Him. The Herodians have come after Him. And now it is the Sadducees’ turn. And they are furious at Jesus. Many of the high priests were Sadducees. Most of the Sanhedrin members, who were the 70 men that were the leaders of Israel, most of them were Sadducees. So they sat in the seats of power and influence,

 no resurrection 27 Some of the Sadducees, who say there is no resurrection, came to Jesus with a question.

The high priest’s family were Sadducees and were materialists. They did not believe in life after death. They did not believe in spirits. They did not believe in angels. They did not believe in the resurrection “That’s why they’re so sad, you see.”

And there certain (specially picked) Sadducees came to Him to bring up the Pentateuch concerning   Deuteronomy 25 and the levirate marriage

28 “Teacher,” they said, “Moses wrote for us that if a man’s brother dies and leaves a wife but no children, the man must marry the widow and have children for his brother.

29 Now there were seven brothers. The first one married a woman and died childless. 30 The second 31 and then the third married her, and in the same way the seven died, leaving no children.

32 Finally, the woman died too. 33 Now then, at the resurrection whose wife will she be, since the seven were married to her?”

The basis for this question is the Old Testament law that when a man died, his younger brother was to marry his widow, and the first child conceived would be the legal descendant of the deceased brother.

This afforded the protection of a husband for the widow and provided for the deceased husband a way that his name could be carried on after him by his widow’s children by his brother.

A couple of examples of levirate marriage are found in the relationship between Judah, his son Onan and Tamar his widowed daughter-in-law (Genesis 38:8-26). Another is the story of the Moabite widow Ruth, her mother-in-law Naomi and her kinsman-redeemer Boaz recorded in the Book of Ruth.

Jewish legend has it that two leading Jerusalem families, members of which officiated as high priests, were descended from such levirate marriages — perhaps even the High Priest Caiaphus him self.

The Sadducees were well educated, sophisticated, influential and wealthy. They did not believe in immortality, spirits or angels.

“They were the conservative, aristocratic, high-priestly party, worldly minded and very ready to cooperate with the Romans, which, of course, enabled them to maintain their privileged position.”

Therefore their question is absurd considering the resurrection of whose wife does she become? it is similar to asking, “how many angels can dance on the head of a pin?” or “did Adam have a belly-button?”can god make a rock too big for him to pick up?”   An absurd question isn’t valid just because it is directed to God.

Different concept of marriage. 34 Jesus replied, “The people of this age marry and are given in marriage. no marriage 35 But those who are considered worthy of taking part in that age and in the resurrection from the dead will neither marry nor be given in marriage,

no death; like the angels 36 and they can no longer die; for they are like the angels. They are God’s children, since they are children of the resurrection  Marriage and reproduction are necessary to the maintenance of human life in a world where people die, but they are obsolete in a world where people live forever.

The Sadducees thought that if there was such a thing as resurrection, it was just this same life lived forever. But in the age to come, our lives will be lived on a completely different principle, in a dimension that we can’t imagine.

We can’t take our present relationships and just figure they will be the same in heaven.  On earth, human relationships are largely a matter of time and place life & death (a man can be a son, then an adult, then a husband, then a father, and so on); but in heaven, all that changes.

We know it won’t be the same as what we know here on earth, but we can’t say for sure what it will all be like in heaven – other than to know that we won’t be disappointed.

As it is written: “No eye has seen, no ear has heard, no mind has conceived what God has prepared for those who love him”- 1 Cor 2:9

Rev 21 Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and there was no longer any sea. 2 I saw the Holy City, the new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride beautifully dressed for her husband. 3 And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, “Now the dwelling of God is with men, and he will live with them. They will be his people, and God himself will be with them and be their God. 4 He will wipe every tear from their eyes. There will be no more death or mourning or crying or pain, for the old order of things has passed away.” 5 He who was seated on the throne said, “I am making everything new!” Then he said, “Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.” Rev 21:1-5

Jesus draws the Sadducees’ attention to Exodus 3, where, in revealing Himself to Moses, God said, “I am the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.”

37 But in the account of the bush, even Moses showed that the dead rise, for he calls the Lord ‘the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.’  38 He is not the God of the dead, but of the living, for to him all are alive.”

In other words, to these men who, under the assumed appearance of a question about marriage, were actually questioning the reality of resurrection, Jesus said the fact that God refers to Himself presently as the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob means that they’re still alive in the realm of eternity!

39 Some of the teachers of the law responded, “Well said, teacher!” 40 And no one dared to ask him any more questions.

Jesus has been looked at, questioned, and challenged because of His faith, lifestyle, and statements.

Look at me and you’ll find fault easily. Look at the person sitting next to you long enough and close enough, and you will find fault with him or her as well.

But look at Jesus and you will find no fault whatsoever No matter how carefully you scrutinize His teachings or study His actions, He will never disappoint or disillusion you, or lead you astray!

We must be careful that we are not too quick to judge the Jewish leaders for their audacity in questioning Jesus, for we might do well to listen to ourselves and ask the question…

Do we put Him on trial every time we wonder why we haven’t got the raise we deserve, or why our marriage didn’t work out as we thought it would,

why Mr. Right or Miss perfect hasn’t yet come along, why we aren’t healed of our diseases?            

And when we don’t get the answers we think we are due, do we shake our fist at Him, and shrug our shoulders toward Him, or almost walk away from Him?

The scribes and Pharisees did not dare question Jesus anymore because The words He spoke and the logic He displayed silenced their cynicism.

You and I have an even greater proof before us than the words He spoke, for, unlike the scribes and Pharisees, we can look at the Cross.

For the one who shrugs their shoulders about him needs to look at His shoulders and see them ripped apart by the flagellum and bearing a Cross that should have been theirs.

For the one who shakes their fist because things aren’t happening in the way they think— They should, see His hand not clenched but open, pierced by a nail.

For the one who has walked away from the Lord in anger or drifted away in busyness; Take time to look at His feet and see them pinned to a beam of wood, bleeding for you.

The word “crux” means “cross,” Therefore the crux of every matter is going to be the Cross.

From time to time we may ask ourselves Does God love me even when the job doesn’t work out as I thought it would, even when people don’t treat me the way I think they should, even if I’m not healed in the way I hoped I would be, even if I’m not understanding what’s happening presently?

It is in Cross-examining those things that are happening in my life; —- That is looking at everything through the lens of Calvary, that you can have absolute assurance that, although you may not understand it, everything taking place in my life is for my good.

Rom 8: And we know that in all things God works for the good of those who love him, who have been called according to his purpose. 29 For those God foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the likeness of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brothers. 30 And those he predestined, he also called; those he called, he also justified; those he justified, he also glorified. 31 What, then, shall we say in response to this? If God is for us, who can be against us? Rom 8:28-31  

If Jesus loved me enough to die for me, surely He will do what’s best concerning me. Now is the time to focus on the things of God. Now is the time to build eternal things in our own lives and in the lives of others.