Acts2: 22-40

Written by kathleen on Dec 14, 2014 in - No Comments


The answer in 30 seconds

22 “Men of Israel, hear these words: Jesus of Nazareth, a Man attested by God to you by miracles, wonders, and signs which God did through Him in your midst, as you yourselves also know—

23 Him, being delivered by the determined purpose and foreknowledge of God, you have taken by lawless hands, have crucified, and put to death;          24 whom God raised up, having loosed the pains of death, because it was not possible that He should be held by it.

Peter refers to what these people already knew about Jesus. They already knew of His life and miraculous works. Often in speaking to people about Jesus, we should start with what they already know about Him.              

In verse 22, Peter summed up the life of Jesus. In verse 23, he talked about the death of Jesus. In verse 24, he spoke of the Resurrection of Jesus. So in less than thirty seconds, Peter encompassed Jesus’ life, death, and Resurrection.

Peter begins by quoting David from Psalm 16:8-11 to give them the Scriptural foundation and basis for the belief and resurrection of the Messiah

25 For David says concerning Him:  ‘I foresaw the LORD always before my face, For He is at my right hand, that I may not be shaken. 

26 Therefore my heart rejoiced, and my tongue was glad; Moreover my flesh also will rest in hope.  27 For You will not leave my soul in Hades, Nor will You allow Your Holy One to see corruption. 28 You have made known to me the ways of life; You will make me full of joy in Your presence.’ 

Jesus speaking by the Holy Spirit through David’s prophesying  Jesus bore the full wrath of God on the cross, as if He were a guilty sinner, guilty of all our sin, even being made sin for us (2 Corinthians 5:21). That was an act of holy giving and un-conditional love for us: because Jesus Himself did not become a sinner, even though He bore the full guilt of our sin. This is the gospel message! That Jesus took our punishment for sin on the cross and remained a perfect Savior and proved it by His resurrection.

Apart from the resurrection, we would have no proof that Jesus successfully and perfectly paid for our sins without becoming a sinner, He remained the Holy One even in His death.

In reference to v.27 After Christ was crucified, before He ascended into heaven, He first descended to the lower parts of the earth, into Hades, or “the place of the dead.” In this, He fulfilled the prophecy of Matthew (16:4), wherein He said, “A wicked and adulterous generation seeks a sign, but one sign I will give you. Even as Jonah was in the belly of the whale three days and three nights, so shall the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the center of the earth.”

In other words, during the three days His body lay in the tomb, before He ascended to heaven, Jesus descended into hell.

According to Jesus’ parable in Luke 16, “Abraham’s bosom,” or “paradise,” was where the Old Testament believers—those who were believers in God and who looked forward to the coming Messiah—went after they died. Unable to go directly to heaven because Jesus had not yet died for their sins, they went to Abraham’s bosom, paradise, the “good” side of hell After Jesus died, He went to Abraham’s bosom and led the Old Testament believers into heaven, where they are today.

29 “Men and brethren, let me speak freely to you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his tomb is with us to this day. 30 Therefore, being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him that of the fruit of his body, according to the flesh, He would raise up the Christ to sit on his throne, 31 he, foreseeing this, spoke concerning the resurrection of the Christ, that His soul was not left in Hades, nor did His flesh see corruption. 32 This Jesus God has raised up, of which we are all witnesses.

 Although we always think of David as a king, he was also a prophet and since David’s body did  see corruption when it became dust, he couldn’t have been speaking about himself, but about the One who would succeed him—the Anointed One, the Messiah, Jesus Christ.

 33 Therefore being exalted to the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, He poured out this which you now see and hear.

34 For David did not ascend into the heavens, but he says himself:  ‘The LORD said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand, 35 Till I make Your enemies Your footstool. Psalm 110:1 36 “Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly that God has made this Jesus, whom you crucified, both Lord and Christ.”

In Jewish culture, one would never call his offspring “Lord.”  Yet Peter’s implication was simply this: Jesus, the Son of David, is more than merely a descendant of David. He is the Son of God and is the one who fulfilled this prophecy

Peter goes on and affirms that what is going on is the work of the risen and ascended Jesus, who has sent His Holy Spirit upon His church. And that all Israel should know that even though they crucified Jesus, God has declared Him both Lord and Christ.

It is as if Peter said, “You were all wrong about Jesus. You crucified Him as if He were a criminal, but by the resurrection, God proved that He is Lord and Messiah

37 Now when they heard this, they were cut to the heart, and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, “Men and brethren, what shall we do?” These guys were stunned that they had killed the messiah!

The Jews and others there had heard amazing things through the utterance of tongues. They had seen Peter stand up boldly to preach powerfully and persuasively. They heard him use Scripture accurately and irrefutably. As a result, they were pricked in their hearts, but they didn’t know what to do!

The word of God had entered into them, and was like a sharp sword which cut and laid open their hearts, exposing their sin and wickedness.

They saw themselves guilty of the crime they were charged with and were filled with remorse for it; and then wanted to know how to obtain the favor of God, the forgiveness of their sins, and everlasting salvation

Most people who become saved at first depend upon a covenant of works; for doing something to atone for their past sins, to set themselves right in the sight of God to secure the forgiveness of their sins, and the inheritance of eternal life.

And they also seem to be at a loss about the way of salvation, and what is to be done to attain it, or how, and by what means it is to be acquired

So many times people ask that same question that had been asked of John the Baptist in Luke 3, to which he replied “If you have two coats, give one away. If you collect taxes, do not collect more than his due. If you’re a soldier, do no man unnecessary violence.” “Do, do, do” was John the B’s message of repentance but it’s not the message of salvation. The message of salvation is not: “Do.” The message is-It’s: “Done!” Jesus cried from the cross it is finished!

Heb 10:12-13 But this Man,(Jesus) after He had offered one sacrifice for sins forever, sat down at the right hand of God (it’s done) from that time waiting till His enemies are made His footstool.

Jesus isn’t standing or pacing, running or worrying. He’s totally at rest concerning you because He has perfected you forever because the work of salvation is complete.

Rom 5:8 But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us.

 The crowds in Tiberius asked Jesus the same question in John 6:28-29 Then they said to Him, “What shall we do, that we may work the works of God?” 29 Jesus answered and said to them, “This is the work (singular) of God that you believe in Him whom He sent.”

(Jesus and or plus nothing)

To Paul and Silas the Jailer asked the same question! Acts 16:30-31 And he brought them out and said, “Sirs, what must I do to be saved?” 31 So they said, “Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and you will be saved, you and your household.”

This does not mean, as has been suggested, “If you believe your whole house will be saved.” No, it means, “You believe and you’ll be saved. And when your family believes, they’ll be saved as well”.

Moments after receiving Christ you may be challenged in the area of what has happened spiritually and may begin to struggle with such a simple salvation message of just believing; yet in  Phil 2:12-13 continue to work out your salvation with fear and trembling, 13 for it is God who works in you to will and to act according to his good purpose.

The Apostle John tells us in 1 John 3:18-24 My little children, let us not love in word or in tongue, but in deed and in truth. 19 And by this we know that we are of the truth, and shall assure our hearts before Him. 20 For if our heart condemns us, God is greater than our heart, and knows all things. 21 Beloved,   if our heart does not condemn us, we have confidence toward God.  22 And whatever we ask we receive from Him, because we keep His commandments and do those things that are pleasing in His sight.

 23 And this is His commandment: that we should believe on the name of His Son Jesus Christ   and love one another, as He gave us commandment. 24 Now he who keeps His commandments abides in Him, and He in him. And by this we know that He abides in us, by the Holy Spirit whom He has given us.

We can have confidence with God when we do things that are pleasing in His sight. What things are pleasing in His sight?

To the Jews, it was the six hundred thirteen commandments—three hundred sixty-five that are negative, two hundred forty-eight that are positive—known as the Old Testament law. Because six hundred thirteen were too hard to do King & psalmist David reduced the number to twelve found in

Ps 15: LORD, who may abide in Your tabernacle? Who may dwell in Your holy hill?  2 He who walks uprightly, And works righteousness, And speaks the truth in his heart; 3 He who does not backbite with his tongue,

Nor does evil to his neighbor, Nor does he take up a reproach against his friend; 4 In whose eyes a vile person is despised, But he honors those who fear the LORD; He who swears to his own hurt and does not change;

5 He who does not put out his money at usury, Nor does he take a bribe against the innocent. He who does these things shall never be moved.

And if a dozen was too many, prophet Micah reduced the number to three when he said

Mica 6:8 He has shown you, O man, what is good; And what does the LORD require of you but to do justly, To love mercy, And to walk humbly with your God?

If three is too hard, Jesus reduced the number to two when He said, Matt 22:37-40  ” ‘You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.’  38 This is the first and great commandment. 39 And the second is like it: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’  40 On these two commandments hang all the Law and the Prophets.”

38 Then Peter said to them, “Repent, and let every one of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for (because of) the remission of sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. 39 For the promise is to you and to your children, and to all who are afar off, as many as the Lord our God will call.” 40 And with many other words he testified and exhorted them, saying, “Be saved from this perverse generation.”

To repent simply means to change direction. You may have once thought Jesus was a blasphemer, a heretic, maybe a dangerous individual, or He was a political revolutionary, a good teacher, or a wise man. Peter said “Change your mind about who He is.”

The gospel is simply based upon a change of mind concerning Jesus Christ; then you get to place your self in obedience to his commands not having to clean up you’re life or getting you’re act together.